Journal of Threatened Taxa | www.threatenedtaxa.org | 26 June 2017 | 9(6): 10351–10354

 

 

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A new record of Tenodera fasciata (Olivier, 1792) (Insecta: Mantodea: Mantidae: Mantinae) for western India

 

Gopal Ambrushi Raut 1 & Sunil Madhukar Gaikwad 2

 

1,2 Department of Zoology, Shivaji University, Kolhapur, Maharashtra 416004 India

1 rautgopal189@gmail.com, 2 gaikwadsm@rediffmail.com (corresponding author)

 

 

 

 

 

doi: http://doi.org/10.11609/jott.2908.9.6.10351-10354 | ZooBank: urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:D0CDD8E8-B0F0-4204-A139-A99FE63EEE83

 

Editor: Anonymity requested. Date of publication: 26 June 2017 (online & print)

 

Manuscript details: Ms # 2908 | Received 02 August 2016 | Final received 29 May 2017 | Finally accepted 05 June 2017

 

Citation: Raut, G.A. & S.M. Gaikwad (2017). A new record of Tenodera fasciata (Olivier, 1792) (Insecta: Mantodea: Mantidae: Mantinae) for western India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 9(6): 10351–10354; http://doi.org/10.11609/jott.2908.9.6.10351-10354

 

Copyright: © Raut & Gaikwad 2017. Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. JoTT allows unrestricted use of this article in any medium, reproduction and distribution by providing adequate credit to the authors and the source of publication.

 

Funding: Department of Zoology, Shivaji University, Kolhapur and UGC, SAP-Phase I.

 

Competing interests: The authors declare no competing interests.

 

Acknowledgements: Authors are grateful to Head, Department of Zoology, Shivaji University, Kolhapur for providing necessary facilities and UGC, SAP Phase-I for financial assistance for field work.

 

 

 

 

Order Mantodea is the group of predatory insects with the solitary habit. The Mantid fauna of the World accounts for a total of 2384 species under 434 genera in 15 families (Roy & Ehrmann 2002). The Indian mantid fauna is represented by 169 species, 71 genera, and 11 families (Mukherjee et al. 2014). Maharashtrian mantid diversity consists of 56 species, 45 genera, and 11 families (Ghate et al. 2012). Studies on mantid fauna of Maharashtra are mostly restricted to the Pune region (Ghate & Ranade 2002; Jadhav 2008). In addition, Jadhav et al. (2006) reported 14 species belonging to 11 genera from Pench National Park.

Genus Tenodera (Burmeister, 1838) of Mantodea is known by six species from India. The members of this genus can be easily identified by a set of characters like long slender, greenish-brown body; vertex with convex superior margin; rounded eyes; pronotum long not much crenulated, metazona four times longer or more than prozona; long narrow fore wing with an anterior pale green lined edge ending in dark border; hind wing brownish; greenish-brown fore leg; mid and hind legs slender and brown (Mukherjee et al. 1995). Tenodera fasciata (Oliver, 1792) belongs to family Mantidae, subfamily Mantinae, tribe Mantini. The members of the subfamily can be distinguished from other mantids in having: body medium to large sized, pronotum simple or lamellar, forelegs usually with 4–5 external spines and 3–4 discoidal spines, tibiae normal. Mid and hind leg femora and tibiae mostly simple or with serrations and sometimes preapical lobules. Supra-anal plate generally transverse, sometime prolonged, cerci cylindrical or rarely compressed. Tribe Mantini is distinguished by characters: Pronotum nearly equal or longer than fore coxae. Fore femora with four discoidal and four external spines, laterally smooth; 1st discoidal spine shorter than 2nd. Both wings well developed anal cerci conical.

During the present study, T. fasciata (Oliver, 1792) is reported for the first time from western India, from the Western Ghats. Previous, distribution records of this species were restricted to northeastern India. Earlier workers, Mondal et al. (2007) and Sureshan (2009) reported this species from Arunachal Pradesh and Odisha, respectively. The present communication is based on specimens collected from the Kolhapur District, Maharashtra in which brief description along with images is given.

T. fasciata was collected from Radhanagari and Karveer Tehsil of Kolhapur District, Maharashtra. The male specimen from Radhanagari was hand picked from an electric pole during night when it was trying to capture light attractants, and the female nymph was collected from a grassy patch near Panchganga River, Karveer Tehsil of Kolhapur. The collected female nymph was reared under laboratory conditions up to the adult stage. Specimens were properly spread, preserved as dry and deposited at Department of Zoology, Shivaji University Kolhapur (ZSUK.MANT.M71 and ZSUK.MANT.F86). The specimens were studied under a Nikon SMZ 800 stereo zoom microscope and photographed using Canon 550 DSLR camera with 100mm lens. The nomenclature and identification are after Mukherjee et al. (1995).

 

 

Tenodera fasciata (Oliver, 1792)

Material examined: ZSUK.MANT.M71, 1 male, Radhanagari (16.4162 N & 74.02769 E; 659m), 12.vi.2015 coll. G.A. Raut; ZSUK.MANT.F86, 23.x.2015, 1 female, Karveer (16.7147336 N & 74.27647501 E; 540m) coll. G.A. Raut.

Diagnosis: Body long slender (Image 1), vertex convex, superior margin little above the eyes, frontal sclerite more than 2x as wide as high, bicarinate (Image 2A). Pronotum not much dilated, lateral borders smooth in male, finely serrated laterally in the female, median carina distinct in female and indistinct in male (Image 2B,C); metazona with a pair of whitish tubercles at a base (Image 2D). Fore coxae smooth in male and with fine serrations in female (Image 2E,F); femora with four external spines, four discoidal, 15 internal spines in which eight small and seven large; tibia with 13 internal and nine external spines, (Image 2G,H,I & J). All spines black at the tip only. Costal area of fore wing opaque with anterior border dark, discoidal area hyaline in male, thickly reticulate in the female. Hind wing hyaline, costal area opaque with deep reddish colored transverse venation and little brownish in the posterior part of a discoidal area. Tip of the hind wing dark or brownish and no reddish patch at the base (Image 2K). Tenodera fasciata is distinguished from the other five species of the genus Tenodera by its elongated and narrow pronotum and hind wing with reddish transverse veinlets in costal area.

Measurements: Body length, male 78.19, female 85.67; Pronotum, male 27.41, female 32.48; Pronotum width, male 4.11, female 4.68; Metazona, male 22.02, female 25.82; Coxa, male 13.45, female 14.43; Femur, male 17.20, female 18.85; Tibia, male 9.03, female 10.14; Fore wing, male 49.28; Hind wing, male 46.87 (all measurements in mm).

Distribution: India: Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Odisha, West Bengal (Mukherjee et al. 1995; Mondal et al. 2007; Sureshan 2009) and Maharashtra (present record); China, Surinam, Borneo, Flores, Java, Malaysia, Mollucas, Myanmar, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sumba, Sulawesi, Talaud Islands, Thailand (Mukherjee et al. 2014).

A distribution map (Fig. 1.) and table (Table 1) for T. fasciata in India are prepared based on the published records (Mukherjee et al. 1995; Mondal et al. 2007; Sureshan 2009) and the present collection made from the Radhanagari and Karveer Tehsil of Kolhapur District.

The present record extends its known geographical range notably from eastern India towards western India (Aerial distance about 1,400km). Reported area of Radhanagari Tehsil is under cultivation of rice and sugarcane cultivation whereas adjoining areas are covered with grassy patches. Second locality, Karveer Tehsil near Panchganga River where the dominant crop is sugarcane and banks of the river are with grassy patches. It has been observed that the habitat of this species is destroyed annually by burning the grassy patches posing threats to fauna and flora of that region.

 

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References

Ghate, H.V. & S.P. Ranade (2002). Biodiversity of Mantids, Insects: Mantodea, in Pune (Western Ghats) with notes on other regions of Maharashtra. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 99(2): 348–352.

Ghate, H.V., S.S. Jadhav & R.M. Sharma (2012). “Insecta: Mantodea”. Fauna of Maharashtra. State Fauna Series, 20(Part-2), Zoological Survey of India, 673pp.

Jadhav, S.S. (2008). Some praying Mantids of Nasik District, Maharashtra State. Bionotes 10(1): 27–28.

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Roy, R. & R. Ehrmann (2002). Systematische Aufstellung der Gattungen, pp. 374-378. In: Mantodea: Gottesanbeterinnen der Welt. Natur und Tier-Verlag. Munster, Germany, 519pp.

Sureshan, P.M. (2009). A preliminary study on the mantid fauna (Insecta: Mantodea) of Orissa, India. Records of the Zoological Survey of India. Occasional Paper No. 305: 1–56.

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