Journal of Threatened Taxa | | 26 April 2016 | 8(4): 8742–8744




An extended distribution of recently described Natesh’s Cape-pondweed (Aponogetonaceae: Aponogeton nateshii) to the state of Karnataka, India


Sharad Suresh Kambale 1, Rutuja Rajendra Kolte 2 & Malapati K. Janarthanam 3


1,2,3 Department of Botany, Goa University, Taleigao Plateau, Goa 403206, India (corresponding author), 2, 3





Editor: N.P. Balakrishnan, Retd. Joint Director, BSI, Coimbatore, India. Date of publication: 26 April 2016 (online & print)


Manuscript details: Ms # 2395 | Received 30 October 2015 | Final received 29 March 2016 | Finally accepted 05 April 2016


Citation: Kambale, S.S., R.R. Kolte & M.K. Janarthanam (2016). An extended distribution of recently described Natesh’s Cape-pondweed (Aponogetonaceae: Aponogeton nateshii) to the state of Karnataka, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 8(4): 8742–8744;


Copyright: © Kambale et al. 2016. Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. JoTT allows unrestricted use of this article in any medium, reproduction and distribution by providing adequate credit to the authors and the source of publication.


Funding: University Grant Commission (F.4-2/2006 (BSR)/ BL/14-15/0489 dated 01 July 2015).


Conflict of Interest: The authors declare no competing interests.


Acknowledgements: The author (SSK) thanks the University Grant Commission (F.4-2/2006 (BSR)/ BL/14-15/0489 dated 01 July 2015) for financial assistance. Authors are grateful to Mr. Rajendra Kerkar, Goa for the help during field work.





Genus Aponogeton L.f. is represented by 57 species (The plant List 2013) distributed in the tropical and subtropical regions of the Old World (van Bruggen 1985; Cook 1996). Yadav & Gaikwad (2003) reported seven species from India and recently Yadav et al. (2015) added a new species, viz., Aponogeton nateshii, from a seasonal pond in the Konkan region of Maharashtra. Out of the eight species, four (A. appendiculatus H. Bruggen, A. bruggenii S.R. Yadav & Govekar, A. satarensis Sundararagh., A.R. Kulk. & S.R. Yadav. and A. nateshii S.R. Yadav) are endemic to the Western Ghats.

During botanical explorations to the lateritic plateaus of the higher ranges of the Western Ghats in Karnataka, we collected A. nateshii, which was hitherto known only from type locality in the Konkan region of Maharashtra. The collection of this species extends its distributional range to Karnataka State. Its collection from different topographical conditions indicates that this morphologically unique species may have much more ecological amplitude.



Aponogeton nateshii S.R. Yadav, Rheedea 25(1): 9–13, 2015.

Perennial, tuberous, freshwater, aquatic herbs. Tubers 1.2–1.5 × 0.9–1 cm, globose-ovoid, elongated roots fibrous. Leaves totally submerged; petioles 9–10.5 cm long, channelled above, glabrous; lamina 17.5–30 × 4–6.8 cm, ovate-lanceolate, pale green, attenuate-rounded at base, undulate along margins, acute-obtuse at apex. Inflorescence a simple spatheate spike; spathes membranous, caducous, occasionally retained at the tip of the spike, acute-acuminate, enclosing young inflorescences. Peduncles up to 80cm long, cylindrical; spike simple. Tepals 2, 0.8–1.5 × 0.7–1.4 mm obovate, obtuse, concave, 1-nerved, fleshy, whitish, unequal. Stamens 6, in two whorls; anthers pale yellow, basifixed, dehiscing longitudinally; pollen yellow. Carpels 3, free; stigma decurrent; ovules usually 1 or rarely 2 per carpel. Follicles 3, beaked, ovoid, beak 2–6 mm long, curved. Embryo globular, with spirally arranged 10–12 ovate, green appendages (Image 1).

Specimens Examined: 372 (BSI, SUK and Herbarium of Department of Botany, Goa University, Goa (Image 2)), 17.x.2015, Surla, Khanapur Tehsil, Belgaum District, Karnataka, India, coll. S.S. Kambale & R.R. Kolte.

Flowering & fruiting: August–October.

Distribution: India: Maharashtra and now also in Karnataka (Fig. 1).

Notes: Aponogeton nateshii is a recently described species, which was known only from its type locality. Its unique embryo bears 15–20 ovate-lanceolate, spirally arranged appendages (Yadav et al. 2015). The species grows in seasonal ponds along coastal plains of Konkan region of Maharashtra at an altitude of 68m. However, the population now located at Surla plateau (Karnataka part) is at an altitude of 828m. This indicates that the species is adapted to elevations ranging from 68–828 m. Certain variations have been noted in the population at Surla plateau: (1) the peduncle is up to 200cm long in the population at Konkan region while it is up to 80cm in the population located at Surla plateau. This variation seems to be because of the depth of water in the respective ponds; (2) there is reduction in the number of appendages of embryo, 10–12 in Surla plants as compared to 15–20 in Konkan plants. Hence it is found that this species is variable. Its occurrence on elevated plateaus in Karnataka indicates that the extensive surveys are necessary to locate this unique species at other places.














Cook, C.D.K. (1996). Aquatic and Wetland Plants of India. Oxford University Press, London, 46–50pp.

The Plant List (2013). Version 1.1. Published on the Internet; (accessed 29th March 2016).

van Bruggen, H.W. (1985). Monograph of the genus Aponogeton (Aponogetonaceae). Bibliotheca Botanica Heft 137. Stuttgart: E. Schweizerbart’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung (Nägele u. Obermiller), 97pp.

Yadav, S.R. & S.P. Gaikwad (2003). A Revision of the Indian Aponogetonaceae. Bulletin of Botanical Survey of India 45: 39–76.

Yadav, S.R., V.S. Patil, A.R. Gholave, A.N. Chandore, U.S. Yadav & S.S. Kambale (2015). Aponogeton nateshii (Aponogetonaceae): a new species from India. Rheedea 25(1): 9–13.