On a record of Puntius gelius (Hamilton, 1822) (Teleostei: Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae) from Tamil Nadu

 

J.D. Marcus Knight

 

Flat ‘L’, Sri Balaji Apartments, 7th Main Road, Dhandeeswaram, Velachery, Chennai, Tami Nadu 600042, India

Email: jdmarcusknight@yahoo.co.in

 

 

Date of publication (online): 26 March 2010

Date of publication (print): 26 March 2010

ISSN 0974-7907 (online) | 0974-7893 (print)

 

Editor: R.J. Ranjit Daniels

 

Manuscript details:

Ms # o2298

Received 27 August 2009

Finally accepted 08 January 2010

 

Citation: Knight, J.D.M. (2010). On a record of Puntius gelius (Hamilton, 1822) (Teleostei: Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae) from Tamil Nadu. Journal of Threatened Taxa 2(3): 786-787.

 

Copyright: © J.D. Marcus Knight 2010. Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. JoTT allows unrestricted use of this article in any medium for non-profit purposes, reproduction and distribution by providing adequate credit to the authors and the source of publication.

 

Acknowledgements: I am thankful to Dr. K. Rema Devi, Officer in Charge, Marine Biology Regional Centre, Zoological Survey of India, Chennai for her critical review and guidance and to Dr. T.J. Indra, for sharing her unpublished data with me.  I also thank Mr. G. Das, Care Earth, Chennai, for his help in the collection of the specimens.

 

 

For Image – click here

 

Fishes of the genus Puntius are prolific and are known to occupy all niches (Jayaram 1999).  These fishes have been well studied and have been exploited for the aquarium trade and transported throughout the world.  One such fish is Puntius gelius, which was first described by Hamilton-Buchanan (1822) in his work on the fishes of the river Ganges.  In the same work he also described another fish very similar to P. gelius but for the characteristic spots on fin bases, called P. canius which was later synonimized as P. gelius by Day (1878).  P. gelius is a colorful fish which grows to a maximum of 5cm in length (Menon 1999).  Though this fish was described more than a hundred years ago and has since been exported throughout the world by the ornamental fish trade, it is not very popular among hobbyists in India (Talwar & Jhingran 1991).

P. gelius is described as elongated with body depth 3 to 3.5 times in the total length.  It has fairly large scales which are dotted and an incomplete lateral line which ceases after the fifth or the sixth scale.  The body is honey-colored with a black band over the tail anterior to the caudal fin and another less distinct one behind the base of the caudal fin.  The dorsal fin is yellowish with a black spot at the base and so are the ventral and the anal fins (Hamilton-Buchanan 1822; Day 1878).  P. gelius has been recorded from Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Orissa, West Bengal, Bihar, Assam and Bangladesh (Day 1878; Menon 1951; Talwar & Jhingran 1991; Jayaram 1999; Menon 1999).  According to Menon (1999) the species is rare.

During a fish survey I collected, P. gelius (Image 1) from slow flowing water with a muddy substrate and abundant aquatic vegetation in the Chembarampakkam tank situated in the outskirts of Chennai.  The specimens collected matched perfectly with the description given by Hamilton-Buchanan (1822) and Day (1878).  The reason for this fish not being recorded in the earlier works can be attributed to its small size and rare occurrence.

Attempts to document the ichthyofauna in and around Chennai have been on for the past one-hundred years. One of the first works was done by Raj (1916) followed by Venkateshwarulu et al. (1975), Raghunathan (1978), Devi et al. (1999) and recently by Daniels & Rajagopal (2004).  P. gelius has not been recorded in any of these works.  Interestingly the range of P. gelius extends further south as there is an unpublished report of the species from Paravanar River, Cuddalore District in eastern Tamil Nadu (T.J. Indra, pers. comm.).

 

References

 

Daniels, R.J.R. & B. Rajagopal (2004). Fishes of Chembarampakkam Lake - a wetland in the outskirts of Chennai. Zoos’ Print Journal 19(5): 1481-1483.

Day, F. (1878). The Fishes of India; Being a Natural History of the Fishes Known to Inhabit the Seas and Freshwaters of India, Burma and Ceylon. William Dawson & Sons Ltds., London, xx+778pp, 196 pls.

Hamilton-Buchanan, F. (1822). An Account of the Fishes of River Ganges and its Branches. George Ramsay and Co., London, vii+405pp, 39 pls.

Jayaram, K.C. (1999). The Freshwater Fishes of the Indian Region. Narendra Publishing House, New Delhi, xxvii+551pp.

Menon, A.G.K. (1951). Further studies regarding Hora’s Satpura Hypothesis. The role of Eastern Ghats in the distribution of Malayan fauna and flora to peninsular India. Proceedings of the National Institute of Sciences of India 17(6): 475-497.

Menon, A.G.K. (1999). Check list - fresh water fishes of India. Records of the Zoological Survey of India, Miscellaneous Publication, Occasional Paper No. 175, 366pp.

Raghunathan, M.B. (1978). Studies on seasonal tanks in Tamil Nadu. Chembarampakkam tank. The Indian Journal of Zootomy 19(2): 81-85.

Raj, S.B. (1916). Notes on the freshwater fish of Madras. Records of the Indian Museum 12(Part 6): 249-294.

Devi, K.R., T.J. Indra, M.B. Raghunathan & M. Bai (1999). On a collection of fish fauna from Chennai; Chengleput and Tiruvallur Districts of Tamil Nadu. Records of the Zoological Survey of India 97(Part 4): 151-166.

Talwar, P.K. & A.G. Jhingran (1991). Inland Fishes of India and Adjacent Countries. Vol 1. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, 541pp.

Venkateswarulu, T., K.V.R. Rao & T.S.N. Murthy (1975). A list of fishes, amphibians and reptiles of Madras and its vicinity. The Indian Journal of Zootomy 16(2): 149-169.