Checklist of Orthoptera (Insecta) of Himachal Pradesh, India

 

M.S. Shishodia 1 & Sunilkumar Gupta 2

 

1 Village Salarpur Kalan, P.O. Vidyutnagar, N.T.P.C., Dadri, District Gautam Budh Nagar, Uttar Pradesh, India

2 74, Jankinagar (Santa Jee Colony), Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh 482002, India

Email: 2 sunil_gupta16@yahoo.com  (corresponding author)

 

 

Date of publication (online): 26 November 2009

Date of publication (print): 26 November 2009

ISSN 0974-7907 (online) | 0974-7893 (print)

 

Editor: R.M. Sharma

 

Manuscript details:

Ms # o1923

Received 17 January 2008

Final received 01 December 2008

Finally accepted 11 September 2009

 

Citation: Shishodia, M.S. & S. Gupta (2009). Checklist of Orthoptera (Insecta) of Himachal Pradesh, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 1(11): 569-572.

 

Copyright: © M.S. Shishodia & Sunilkumar Gupta 2009. Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. JoTT allows unrestricted use of this article in any medium for non-profit purposes, reproduction and distribution by providing adequate credit to the authors and the source of publication.

 

 

For Figure – click here

 

Orthopterans are popularly known as grasshoppers, crickets, mole-crickets, pigmy-mole-crickets and grouse locusts.  The Orthoptera of Himachal Pradesh is known through the records of Hancock (1912, 1915), Bolivar (1914), Uvarov (1921, 1923, 1925, 1927 & 1942), Ramme (1933) and Dirsh (1958).  Later, Chopard (1969), Bhowmik et al. (1977, 1982, 1983, 1984 & 1985), Singh & Tandon (1978), Julka et al. (1982), Ingrisch & Shishodia (1998), Shishodia & Tandon (2000), Mehta et al. (2002), Shishodia et al. (2003), Thakur & Mattu (2006) and Shishodia (2008) added some more species to the fauna of Himachal Pradesh.  Recently, Saini & Mehta (2007) reported 140 species from the state.

Remarks: The actual number of species in Saini & Mehta (2007) should have been 122 and not 140 as reported. Reporting the occurrence of Paraconophyma pcalra (Walk.), Loxoblemmus fascipes (Walk.), Teleogryllus blennus (Serville) and Gryllus maculatus Chopard was erroneous.  Twelve species are synonyms.  Neoconocephalus palustris (Blatchley) is a doubtful species.  Acrida turrita Walk. is an African species.

While revising the work on Orthoptera of Himachal Pradesh, the authors came across more species, and hence this checklist with 165 species belonging to 105 genera under 16 families.  Of these, 15 species are new records, marked with single asterisk (*) studied by the first author and species marked with double (**) asterisk are in the holdings of Zoological Survey of India, Kolkata.  Twenty eight species are recorded by other workers but not reported by Saini & Mehta (2007). There are no records from Hamirpur, Kinnaur and Una districts till now.

 

Systematic Account

 

 

 

Order: Orthoptera

 

Suborder: Ensifera

 

Infraorder: Oniidea

 

Superfamily: Tettigonioidea

 

Family: Conocephalidae

Distribution

1. Conocephalus maculatus (Le Guillou)

Chamba; Sirmour; Solan

2. * Euconocephalus nasutus (Thunberg)

Kulu-Manali

3. Euconocephalus pallidus (Redtenbacher)

Chamba; Mandi

4. Neoconocephalus palustris (Blatchley)

Saini & Mehta (2007) reported this species from the Himachal Pradesh

5. Ducetia japonica (Thunberg)

Chamba; Kangra; Kulu-Manali; Mandi; Sirmour

6. Elimaea (Orthelimaea) securigera Brunner

Shimla; Sirmour

7. * Hexacentrus unicolor Serville

Kangra

8. Himertula kinneari (Uvarov)

Sirmour

9. Holochlora indica Kirby

Kangra

10. Pseudorhynchus sp.

Chamba

11. Ruspolia lineosus (Walker)

Kulu-Manali

12. Isopsera pedunculata Brunner

Mandi

13. Isopsera stylata Brunner

Mandi

14. Letana despecta (Brunner)

Sirmour

15. Letana linearis Walker

Solan

16. Letana megastridula Ingrisch

Kangra

17. * Phaneroptera gracilis Burmeister

Kangra

18. * Phaneroptera myllocerca Ragge

Solan

 

 

Family: Mecopodidae

 

19. Mecopoda elongata (Linnaeus)

Chamba; Kangra; Mandi; Sirmour

 

 

Family: Pseudophyllidae

 

20. Paramorsimus robustus (Brunner)

Sirmour

21. Onomarchus sp.

Sirmour

 

 

Family: Tittigoniidae

 

22. Plicigastra himalayana Uvarov, 1923

Chamba

23. Metrioptera himalayana Ramme, 1930

Shimla

24. * Decticides sp.

Solan

 

 

Infraorder: Gryllidea

 

Superfamily: Gryllotalpoidea

 

Family: Gryllotalpidae

 

25. Gryllotalpa africana africana (Beauvois)

 

      (= Gryllotalpa fossor Scudder)

Kangra

 

 

Superfamily: Grylloidea

 

Family: Gryllidae

 

26. *Tarbinskiellus (Brachytrypes)

Chamba

       portentosus (Lichtenstein)

 

27. Gymnogryllus kashmirensis Bhowmik, 1967

Bilaspur

28. Acheta domesticus (Linn.)

Bilaspur

29. Gryllus bimaculatus De Geer

Bilaspur; Chamba; Kangra; Sirmour

30. Modicogryllus blennus (Saussure)

Sirmour

31. Modicogryllus confirmatus (Walk.)

Kangra

32. Modicogryllus facialis (Walker)

Kangra; Sirmour

33. Modicogryllus tikadari Bhowmik,1985

Shimla; Solan

34. Plebeiogryllus guttiventris (Walker)

Kangra; Sirmour

35. Teleogryllus mitratus (Burmeister)

Chamba, Kangra, Mandi,

 (=Teleogryllus testaceus (Walker))

Sirmour

36. Teleogryllus occipitalis (Serville)

Bilaspur, Kangra, Mandi,

       (= Teleogryllus mitratus Burm.)

Sirmour

37. Platygryllus brunneri (Saussure)

 

      (= Gryllus brunneri (Saussure))

Bilaspur, Mandi

38. Platygryllus melanocephalus (Serville)

Kangra

39. Turanogryllus babaulti Chopard

Kangra (Bajaura)

40. Turanogryllus histrio (Sauss.)

Kulu; Shimla, Sirmour; Solan

41. Turanogryllus jammuensis Bhowmik, 1967

Saini & Mehta(2007) reported from the state

42. Turanogryllus rufoniger (Chopard)

Sirmour

43. Loxoblemmus detectus (Serville)

Kangra, Sirmour

44. Loxoblemmus equestris Saussure

Sirmour

45. Loxoblemmus macrocephalus Chopard

Sirmour

46. Loxoblemmus taicoun Saussure

Sirmour

47. Velarifictorus dehradunensis Tandon

Sirmour

      & Shishodia 1974

 

48. Velarifictorus lambai Bhowmik,1985

Sirmour

49. Gryllodes sigillatus (Walker)

Bilaspur; Sirmour

50. Pteronemobius csikii (Bolivar)

Sirmour

51. Pteronemobius fascipes (Walker)

Kangra; Mandi; Sirmour

52. Pteronemobius pantelchopardorum

Sirmour

      Shishodia & Varshney

 

53. Pteronemobius taprobanensis (Walker)

Sirmour

 

 

Family: Myrmecophilidae

 

54. Myrmecophilus albicinctus var.

Shimla

      concolar Chopard,1928

 

 

 

Family: Scleropteridae

 

55. Acanthoplistus birmanus Saussure

Bhowmik (1985), Saini & Mehta (2007) reported from the state

 

 

Family: Mogoplistidae

 

56. Gotvendia albipennis Chopard

Sirmour

57. Ornebius sp.

Bilaspur

 

 

Family: Phalangopsidae

 

58. Homoeogryllus cincticornis (Walker)

Kangra

 

 

Family: Trigonidiidae

 

59. Anaxipha longipennis (Serville)

Sirmour

60. Trigonidium cicindeloides Rambur

Kangra; Sirmour

61. Trigonidium humbertianum (Saussure)

Saini & Mehta (2007) reported from the state

 

 

Family: Eneopteridae

 

62. Xenogryllus sp.

Mandi. Saini & Mehta (2007) reported from the state

 

 

Suborder: Caelifera

 

Infraorder: Acrididea

 

Superfamily: Acridoidea

 

Family: Acrididae

 

Subfamily: Acridinae

 

63. Acrida exaltata (Walker)

Bilaspur, Chamba; Kangra;

      (= Acrida lugubris Burr.)

Mandi; Sirmour; Solan

64. Acrida indica Dirsh

Saini & Mehta (2007) reported from the state

65. Acrida gigantea Herbst

Saini & Mehta (2007) reported from the state

66. Anaptygus rectus Ragge

Lahaul & Spiti

67. Ceracris deflorata (Brunner)

Saini & Mehta (2007)

      (= Phlaeoba cinctalis Kirby)

reported from the state

68. Ceracris nigricornis nigricornis Walker

Bilaspur; Chamba; Shimla; Solan

69. Ceracris nigricornis lacta (Bolivar)

Saini & Mehta (2007)

       (= Ceracris versicolor Brunner)

reported from the state

70. Ceracris striata Uvarov

Sirmour

71. Gelastorrhinus laticornis (Serville)

Saini & Mehta (2007) reported from the state

72. Gonista sagitta (Uvarov)

Saini & Mehta (2007) reported from the state

73. Holopercna darjeelingensis (Bolivar)

Mandi and Solan

74. Orthochtha indica Uvarov

Solan

75. Paraduronia simoni Bolivar

Saini & Mehta (2007)

       (= Paraphlaeoba simoni Bolivar)

reported from the state

76. Phlaeoba antennata Brunner

Saini & Mehta (2007) reported from the state

77. Phlaeoba infumata Brunner

Bilaspur, Kangra, Mandi, Sirmour

78. Phlaeoba panteli Bolivar

Bilaspur, Kangra, Mandi, Sirmour

 

 

Subfamily: Oedipodinae

 

79. Acrotylus humbertianus Saussure

Kangra

80. Acrotylus insubricus inficitus (Walker)

Saini & Mehta (2007) reported from the state.

81. Aiolopus thalassinus tamulus (Fabr.)

Bilaspur; Chanba; Kangra;

      (=Aeolopus tamulus (Fabr.) )

Mandi

82. Aiolopus thalassinus thalassinus (Fabr.)

Solan

83. Bryodema luctuosum indum (Saussure)

Lahaul & Spiti

84. ** Bryodematuberculatum (Fabr.)

Shimla

85. Chloebora grossa Sauss.

 

       (= Chloebora bramina Sauss.)

Shimla

86. Gastrimargus africanus africanus (Sauss.)

Kangra; Kulu-Manali; Mandi; Shimla

87. Gastrimargus africanus sulphureus Bei-Bienko

Lahaul & Spiti; Shimla

88. Gastrimargus marmoratus (Thunb.)

Saini & Mehta (2007)

      (= Gastrimargus transverses (Thunb.))

reported from the state

89. Heteropternis respondens (Walk.)

Kangra

90. ** Locusta migratoria ph. danica (Linn.)

Kulu-Manali

91. Oedaleus abruptus (Thunb.)

Bilaspur; Chamba; Kangra; Mandi; Sirmour; Solan

92. Oedipoda himalayana Uvarov

Lahaul& Spiti

93. Pusana laevis (Uvarov)

Kangra; Mandi

94. Scintharista blanchardiana (Sauss.)

 

       (= Quiroguesia blanchardiana Sauss.)

Kangra; Mandi; Solan

95. Scintharista notabilis pallipes Uvarov

Saini & Mehta (2007)

       (= Quiroguesia notabilis Walk.)

reported from the state

96. Sphingonotus longipennis Sauss.

Kangra; Kulu; Lahaul &

      (= Sphingonotus Indus Sauss.)

Spiti; Mandi; Sirmour

97. Sphingonotus octofasciatus (Serville);

Saini & Mehta (2007) Bei-Bienko & Mishchenko,1951 reported from the state

98. ** Sphingonotus eurasius eurasius

Lahaul & Spiti

       Mishchenko; Bei-Bienko & Mishchenko,1951

 

99. Pseudosphingonotus savignyi (Saussure)

 

       (= Sphingonotus savignyi Sauss.)

Kangra

100. Trilophidia annulata (Thunberg)

Bilaspur; Kangra; Kulu; Mandi; Solan

 

 

Subfamily: Gomphocerinae

 

101. Chorthippus (Chorthippus) indus Uvarov

Lahaul; Shimla

102. Chorthippus (Glyptobothrus)

Kulu; Mandi; Solan

          hammerstroemi (Miram)

 

103. Chorthippus biguttulus biguttulus (Linn.)

Kangra

104. Chorthippus vagans (Eversman)

Kangra

105.  Dnopherula (Aulacobothrus) luteipes ( Walker)

Bilaspur; Kulu; Mandi; Shimla; Solan

106.  Dnopherula (Aulacobothrus) sinensis( Uvarov)

Saini & Mehta (2007) reported from the state

107. Dnopherula (Aulacobothrus) socius (Bolivar)

Kangra

108. Madurea cephalotes Bolivar

Saini & Mehta (2007) reported from the state

109. Mesopsis cylindricus (Kirby)

Saini & Mehta (2007)

         (= Aswathamanus cylindricus Kirby)

reported from the state

 

 

Subfamily: Hemiacridinae

 

110. Spathosternum prasiniferum prasiniferum (Walk.)

Bilaspur; Kangra; Mandi; Sirmour; Solan

111. Hieroglyphus banian (Fabr.)

Kulu; Mandi

112. Hieroglyphus concolor (Walk.)

Saini & Mehta (2007) reported from the state

113. * Hieroglyphus oryzivorus Carl

Solan

114. ** Parahieroglyphus bilineatus (Bolivar)

Mandi

 

 

Subfamily: Oxyinae

 

115. Oxya hyla hyla Serville

Chamba; Kangra; Kulu-Manali; Mandi

116. Oxya hyla intricata (Stål)

Saini & Mehta (2007) reported from the state

117. Oxya fuscovittata (Marschall)

Chamba; Kangra; Solan

118. Oxya velox (Fabr.)

Kulu-Manali; Mandi

 

 

Subfamily: Coptacridinae

 

119. Eucoptacra praemorsa (Stål)

Saini & Mehta (2007) reported from the state

120. Eucoptacra saturata (Walk.)

Chamba; Kangra; Sirmour

 

 

Subfamily: Calliptaminae

 

121.* Caloptenopsis glaucopsis collina Uvarov, 1950

Himachal Pradesh

 

 

Subfamily: Tropidopolinae

 

122. Oxyrrhepes obtusa (De Haan)

Saini & Mehta (2007) reported from the state.

 

 

Subfamily: Eyprepocnemidinae

 

123. Cataloipus himalayensis Singh & Tandon, 1978

Kangra

124. ** Choroedocus capensis (Stål)

Kulu- Manali

125. Choroedocus illustris (Walk.)

Mandi; Sirmour; Solan

126. Choroedocus robustus (Serville)

Saini & Mehta (2007) reported from the state

127. Eyprepocnemis alacris alacris (Serville)

Kulu-Manali; Solan

128. Eyprepocnemis rosea Uvarov, 1942

Kangra; Mandi; Sirmour; Solan

129. Heteracris nobilis (Uvarav,1942)

Kulu-Manali; Mandi

130. Tylotropidius varicornis (Walk.)

Solan

131. ** Shirakiacris shirakii (Bolivar)

Kangra

 

 

Subfamily: Catantopinae

 

132. Diabolocatantops innotabilis (Walker)

Kulu; Mandi; Sirmour

133. Diabolocatantops sukhdae Bhowmik,1985

Kulu

134. Catantops simlae Dirsh, 1956

Solan

135. Xenocatantops humilis humilis (Serville)

Chamba; Lahaul-Spiti; Mandi; Sirmour; Solan

136. Xenocatantops jagabandhui Bhowmik, 1985

Bilaspur; Mandi

137. Xenocatantops karnyi (Kirby)

Bilaspur; Chamba; Kangra; Mandi; Sirmour; Solan

138. Paraconophyma scabra (Walk.)

Chamba; Kulu-Manali; Mandi; Shimla; Sirmour; Solan

 

 

Subfamily: Cyrtacanthacridinae

 

139. Pachyacris violascens (Walk.)

Kulu-Manali; Mandi

140. Pachyacris vinosa (Walker)

Kangra; Mandi

141. Chondracris rosea (De Geer)

Mandi

142. Cyrtacanthacris tatarica (Linn.)

Chamba; Solan

143. Patanga succincta (Johansson)

Chamba; Solan

 

 

Family: Pyrgomorphidae

 

144. Aularches miliaris (Linn.)

Bilaspur; Chamba; Kangra; Mandi; Sirmour

145. Aularches punctatus Drury

Bilaspur; Chamba; Mandi; Shimla

146. Atractomorpha crenulata crenulata (Fabr.)

Kangra; Kulu; Sirmour

147. Pyrgomorpha sp.

Kangra

148. **Tagasta marginella Thunberg

Kulu-Manali

149. Poekilocerus pictus (Fabr.)

Kangra

150. Chrotogonus (Chrotogonus) trachypterus

Chamba; Kangra; Sirmour

       trachypterus (Blanch.)

 

 

 

Infraorder: Tetrigidea

 

Superfamily: Tetrigoidea

 

Family: Tetrigidae

 

151. Fieberiana pachymera (Fieber)

Saini & Mehta (2007) reported from the state

152. Eucriotettix grandis (Hancock)

Chamba; Mandi; Sirmour; Solan

153. Eucriotettix montanus (Hancock)

 

        (= Criotettix montanus Hancock, 1912)

Shimla

154. Thoradonta sp.

Sirmour

155. Teredorus frontalis Hancock

Mandi; Shimla; Sirmour; Solan (Type species from Dharampur, 1500m)

156. Euparatettix variabilis (Bolivar)

 

        (= Euparatettix tenuis Hancock)

Sirmour

157. Pseudoparatettix histricus (Stål)

 

       (= Euparatettix histricus (Stål)

Chamba

158. Hedotettix attenuatus Hancock

Chamba; Kangra; Sirmour

159. Hedotettix costatus Hancock

Saini & Mehta (2007) reported from the state

160. Hedotettix gracilis Hancock

Kangra; Sirmour

161. Coptotettix conspersus Hancock

Kulu; Solan

162. Ergatettix dorsiferus (Walker)

Kulu; Kangra; Mandi; Sirmour; Solan

163. Ergatettix güntheri Steinmann

Sirmour

 

 

Infraorder: Tridactylidea

 

Superfamily: Tridactyloidea

 

Family: Tridactylidae

 

164. Tridactylus thoracicus Guerin

Sirmour

165. Xya sp.

Sirmour

 

 

 

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